This introductory course gives basic information on all aspects of boating.
Primarily for the beginner, but a useful refresher for the more experienced
boater, the course starts with a good look at boats, covering types, materials
used, propulsion and characteristics - both motor and sail. The student is then
progressively led through exploration of usage of the boat. Trailering,
safety, handling under good and bad conditions, effects of
weather, the requirements directed by common sense and government
regulations, basic navigational rules, using waterway aids to navigation,
fire prevention and control, medical emergencies, nautical customs and
common sense courtesy on the water are all covered in this course.
This course explores in
greater depth some of the subjects covered in the Seamanship Course and gives
practical instruction in position determination based on plotting courses and
dead reckoning. The course gives detailed information on Government
regulations for equipment required on the boat and the way the boat is handled
while afloat. Radio telephones and their use, charts available and what they
show, aids to navigation on the water and on land, compass installation,
adjustment and use, and many more important subjects are covered in depth. The
examination includes chart work.
Covers all basic
concepts and techniques needed for safe navigation in coastal waters and on
major lakes and rivers. Expansion of basic piloting and charting skills;
development and proper use of deviation tables; emphasis on interpretation and
plotting of relative and compass bearings; use of danger bearings and danger
angles; prediction of tides and tidal currents; prediction and analysis of
current effects on course and speed over the ground; fundamentals of
electronic navigation systems; introduction to sextant use in positioning;
construction and use of small area plotting sheets.
Prerequisites: Seamanship and
Junior Navigation (JN)
presents a working knowledge of the principles of celestial navigation. In the
courses listed above a boat's position was determined by charted land and sea
marks such as lighthouses, spires, towers and buoys. In the absence of such aids
the methods of finding Latitude and Longitude are those employed in the study of
Junior Navigation. The concept of the celestial sphere is explained along with
the identification of the celestial bodies and their relative positions,
practical use of the sextant, the Nautical Almanac, time, plotting sheets,
charts and the Sailings. These topics are studied in a methodical sequence that
enable the navigator to plat his position at sea.
Seamanship, Piloting and Advanced Piloting
Development of additional
techniques in celestial navigation, greater skill and higher precision in taking
sights and finding positions, including fundamental principles and practical
work, systems of coordinates, instruments, extensive work with chronometer and
sextant, computations, and the development of orderly methods for carrying on
the day's work of the navigator at sea. The final examination includes an
imaginary voyage for which the student is to work out the steps in the
Seamanship, Piloting, Advanced Piloting and Junior Navigation
Cruise Planning (CP)
This course is
preparation for a cruise, whether the cruise is for a day, a week, a month or
longer. Whether you are going to cruise on rivers, lakes, the coasts, or to
cross the oceans, very valuable information has been provided by those who have
been there. This course includes the following topics: Planning the Voyage,
Financing the Voyage, The Boat and How It Is Equipped, Crew Selection,
Provisioning, Voyage Management, Navigation Planning, Weather, Communications,
Entering and Clearing Foreign and Domestic Ports, Anchors and Anchoring,
Emergencies Afloat, Medical Emergencies, and Security.
Engine Maintenance (EM)
operating principles, maintenance and repair of marine gasoline and diesel
engines, cooling, electrical, fuel and lubricating systems and associated
propulsion components - clutches, shafting and propellers. Since one of the
major objectives of the course is to make the students more self-reliant afloat,
trouble-diagnosis and temporary remedies are given considerable emphasis. Safety
measures are stressed. The course is not intended to produce trained mechanics
but rather more intelligent and more resourceful boat engine operators.
Instructor Qualification (IQ)
Now with the Course
titled "Speaking and Teaching - Effective Communications for the Speaker
and Teacher," this Course offers practical skills in preparing for teaching
and preparing for meetings, and for doing the teaching and conducting meetings.
The Course includes practice assignments in presentations after preparing the
outline for such presentations, including the use of visual and other aids. All
types of aids are studied and the student is afforded the opportunity to become
familiar with their best use. Attendance at the majority of class sessions is
mandatory before taking the examination.
Marine Electronics (ME)
Essential knowledge about
your boat's electrical and electronic systems. Proper wiring, grounding,
electrolysis control, and batteries and their maintenance is included. Depth
finders, marine radio telephones, radar, Loran, Omega and advanced systems for
electronic navigation are covered. Information is given on FCC requirements for
station licensing and operator permits for radio telephones.
Terminology of sailing;
types of hulls, rigs and sail-plans; running and standing rigging and adjustment
gear for same; hull and water forces caused by wind and waves; forces versus
balance; techniques of sailing; points of sail; sail handling; sailing under
wind conditions varying from light air to storm survival; tuning the sailboat;
sailboat instrumentation; boat operation; sailboat marlinespike techniques and
emergency techniques unique to sailboats.
Awareness of weather
phenomena, how to read the weather map and the sky, understand and anticipate
weather developments. Characteristics and structure of the atmosphere, what
weather is and its basic causes, normal development and movement of weather over
the world, factors that enter into weather forecasting. instrumental and visual
observations which the skipper can make afloat. Cloud sequences and the weather
they predict. Air masses, fronts, storms and fog. Use of source of weather
information including radio and television weather broadcasts. Throughout the
course the student is encouraged to make observations and predictions in order
to gain experience in applying the principles taught and develop greater insight
into weather phenomena.
This program describes
"virtually every method known to man" that the skipper of a wood,
plastic or aluminum hull can use to adjust the compass, ensuring that the
vessel's precise heading may be determined easily - fair weather or foul.
Starting with a general overview, the program goes on to cover use of the
pelorus, manipulation of the corrector magnets, installation and alignment of
the compass, and a light touch on the fundamentals.
Described in the text are
the methods to determine magnetic headings by bearings on the sun, ranges,
reciprocal bearings, bearings on distant objects, and the Darrach or "sun
compass" method as well as appraisals of when to use each.
Introduction to Astronomy
non-technical introduction is intended to help the novice begin to enjoy the
wonders of the night sky. No prior familiarity with astronomy is required to
follow this easy to read guide to the stars, planets and major constellations.
The material covers the northern hemisphere, and all of the objects described
can easily be seen without instruments.
The emphasis is to locate
and identify prominent patterns and the principal objects they contain,
particularly those of interest to navigators. This is done in easy steps and is
organized by seasons of the year. There are notes on observational techniques,
some history, and biblical references.
The JN student will find
this a convenient, but not necessarily complete star guide. Others will find it
a handy reference when sitting in the yard one evening and wondering about the
10 sections, six with
homework questions, plus appendixes, including a pronunciation guide and
This program is a blend
of two USPS objectives - EDUCATION and SAFETY. Its purpose is to help the
student acquire basic boating ability without frills or superfluous information.
The idea is to learn how to operate a boat safely in an emergency without the
throes of panic.
It consists of three
classroom lessons which cover: situations requiring immediate action, boat
handling and use of the radiotelephone. A fourth session on the water in the
family boat is a practical demonstration of the classroom work. For continued
reference are 13 appendixes providing a handbook covering what to do in
situations requiring first aid, special needs of guests, useful knots,
radiotelephone procedures and boat handling. A Skipper Saver Patch and
Certificate are available for presentation to those who successfully complete
Under USPS sponsorship,
this program is available to yacht clubs or other private organizations with an
interest in safe boating.
Introduction to Sailing
This program covers the
basics of small sailboat handling. Included are: nomenclature, sail handling,
the tiller, points of sailing, relationships between the wind and the moving
boat, action of the keel or centerboard and other points of interest to the
novice sailor or someone who wants to know how a sailboat works.
Preparation for Coast
This is the only
Supplemental Program that requires a formal classroom lecture format and the
prerequisites of Seamanship, P, AP, EM, Weather and Sail (if applying for
Auxiliary Sailing Vessel or Sailing Vessel in Ocean Service.)
The student will use USCG
publications extensively for primary texts. Successful presentation of the
program requires a knowledgeable teaching staff and motivated students. The
student will be prepared to pass one or more of the CG license examinations up
to and including 100-ton ocean going vessels - power or sail
The lessons guide the
student through Rules of the Road, machinery, Seamanship, weather, piloting,
coastal navigation, and fire and damage control. Includes review questions and a
Predicted Log Contests
Predicted logging is an
event in which skippers try to predict the time required to complete several
legs of a given course - and then are required to run the course as a check.
Easily said, it is not nearly so easily done and much knowledge and planning are
The material is divided
into two parts. The first, for which Piloting is considered a prerequisite, is
an introduction including history, rules and management of a PLC and
preparations necessary to engage in a PLC. Part two, for which AP and Weather
are considered prerequisites, includes an extensive technical review as well as
variations to the basic PLC.
sample forms for "regular" contests as well as recommendations for the
variations. A detailed worksheet will help the student organize the work
necessary prior to a contest.
Too often taken for
granted, proper insurance coverage could well be the difference between an
inconvenience and a financial disaster! This program explains and simplifies the
elements of typical yacht policies so that the boater has a good grasp on the
basics of marine insurance.
The text discusses
general policy provisions concerning the hull, machinery and equipment, medical
payments, liability exposure, land transportation risks, substandard risks and
surveying. A glossary of insurance terms and a sample policy and survey are
included. A review examination is provided with questions that not only test
your knowledge but are instructive as well.
The study of oceanography
is so vast and technical that it is a pleasure to have this well-worded,
non-technical introduction to the many facets of such a fascinating science. The
program covers marine geography, including earth crusts, tectonic plates,
fractures and movement, ocean chemistry, effects of weather and the aspects of
ocean movement, including tides, currents and waves.
scientific backgrounds will enjoy the program as well as be stimulated to look
further at this basic earth science.
Ever wish you could come
up with something a bit more original than "thingamabob" when
discussing the great variety of tools for measuring, hitting, splitting,
turning, cutting, removing, gripping, fastening, etc.?
This is the program with
the answers. Along with descriptions of use are well over a hundred
illustrations of tools for the above purposes as well as many others. Included
is information on: adhesives, abrasives, torches, soldering and a section on the
safe operation of power tools.
The material in this SP
is for anyone who ever needs hand tools - not just the boat builder or owner. It
will help you do things safely, correctly and efficiently. 7 sections, 10
appendixes, including conversion tables, equivalents and size specifications for
the most commonly used fasteners.
Elements of Boat Design and Construction
This text describes the
interacting forces affecting hull stability and how this, in turn, affects
safety and comforts on the water. It deals with underwater hull shape as
designed for different purposes and gives the reader examples of how the marine
architect deals with the sometimes contrary considerations of overall design.
The reader will begin to learn why designs are done the way they are and will
understand the basic terms used. A section on power and propulsion will help
clarify this much misunderstood, but vital, aspect of design. Rudders, steering
gear and construction details and materials are covered as well. Useful ratios
are defined and illustrated with line drawings. For the serious boater, it is
fascinating reading. For the amateur boat builder, it is a must.
Principles of Water Skiing Safety
Many water skiing
accidents occur because people are not aware of the variety of hazards
involved or are not mindful of them. There are correct, tested procedures that
minimize the risks in this popular activity. This program describes them and
lists the responsibilities of the people making up a safe water skiing team.
There is information on types of boats, suggestions on rigging the towing
equipment, and descriptions of the many types of skis in use. Included are
discussions of racing, slalom, barefoot skiing, jumping, and ways to pick
oneself up and start all over again. By following the basic safety
recommendations included, the student will be contributing to the enjoyment of
this sport for all involved.